Commercial vs. Sustainable Fishing
This past year, I made the decision to go pescatarian, meaning I don’t eat any meat with the exception of fish. Becoming pescatarian, I, for some reason, became more conscious of what I was eating. This includes where my fish was coming from. With a little more research, I learned that eating fish comes with consequences when you are not careful with the quality of your fish. The goal of this site is to raise awareness about the entire process of fishing. The fishing industry plays a very large role in our diets, so I think by making others aware of the issue, it can create more of a dialogue between the food industry and its consumers.
Overfishing can wreak havoc and destroy the environment and marine ecology and completely disrupt the food chain. With 3 billion people having fish as their primary source of protein in their diets, it’s important to maintain the upkeep of the ocean’s health. Destructive and illegal fishing practices are resulting in more and bigger boats fishing for fewer and smaller fish. More than 90 percent of the world’s stocks are now fully or overfished. Thirteen million tons of plastic makes its way into the ocean each year — more than 10 percent of all plastic that is made.
WHAT’S THE ISSUE WITH COMMERCIAL FISHING?
“Overfishing has pushed more than 85 percent of the world’s fisheries ‘to or beyond their biological limits,’ according to the WWF.”
“Fishers remove more than 77 billion kilograms (170 billion pounds) of wildlife from the sea each year”
“An estimated 40 percent of what is caught in commercial fisheries is an unintended catch (bycatch) and discarded from the fishing vessel.”
Commercial fishing refers to multiple methods including a variation of this method, called “long-lining.” This involves stringing together hundreds or thousands of individuals hooks along a single line, which can stretch for miles. Other methods of commercial fishing include the use of nets to dredge the water for fish, or traps, which can be used to capture fish, eels, and crustaceans, such as crabs and lobster.
The largest concern about commercial fishing stems from the major impact it has on the ecology of the oceans. The United Nations (UN) and countries around the world have grown increasingly worried about the decrease in global fish stocks. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that more than 70 percent of the world’s fish species are “depleted” or “fully exploited.” Reductions of some species, including giant bluefin tuna, swordfish, haddock, cod, and flounder, have been particularly severe. In addition to depleting targeted species, commercial fishing that utilizes nets or traps may accidentally capture and kill other marine animals, including turtles, dolphins, whales or sharks.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE SUSTAINABLE?
There are ways to fish sustainably, allowing us to enjoy seafood while ensuring that populations remain for the future. In many indigenous cultures, people have fished sustainably for thousands of years. Today’s sustainable fishing practices reflect some lessons learned from these cultures. Many sustainable fish varieties are high in protein, vitamins, minerals, and heart-healthy omega-3s while containing low amounts of harmful chemicals. Sustainable fishing results in a tremendous recovery of fish stocks and their habitats. Furthermore, healthy fish stocks and a healthy ocean environment are crucial for the livelihoods of coastal communities.
This series of posters will be presented to my entire school at a fair that we hold in early May, alongside an aquaponics system which will have fish in it. I am hoping that people will learn something new and apply it to their own lives.
The pollution, overfishing, and coastal development that affects the fishing industry
“Overfishing often goes hand-in-hand with wasteful types of commercial fishing that haul in massive amounts of unwanted fish or other animals, which are then discarded.”
“With smarter management systems, known as fishing rights, we can reverse the incentives that lead to overfishing. Under fishing rights, fishermen’s interests are tied to the long-term health of a fishery. Their income improves along with the fish population.”
“Of the 600 marine fish stocks monitored by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), more than 70 percentLinks to an external site. of the world’s fish species are fully exploited or depleted.”
“as much as 40 percentLinks to an external site. of the world’s oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, overfishing, and coastal development.”
“More than 85 percent of the world’s fisheries are fully exploited, resulting in many endangered fish species (1,098 to be exact, according to the International Union for Conservation of NatureLinks to an external site.).”
“Many sustainable fish varieties are high in protein, vitamins, minerals, and heart-healthy omega-3s, while containing low amounts of harmful chemicals. Overfish seafood, such as Salmon and Tuna, more often than not, contain Mercury, PCBs, or contaminants. Larger fish that are higher up on the food chain tend to have higher levels of harmful chemicals due to bioaccumulation. Consequently, the protein-packed barramundi has half the calories of salmon and is one one of the purest fish available with negligible levels of mercury, PCBs and contaminants.”
“By 2050, there will be more plastic than fish in the sea. Overfishing has pushed more than 85 per cent of the world’s fisheries “to or beyond their biological limits,” according to the WWF.”
“Fishers remove more than 77 billion kilograms (170 billion pounds) of wildlife from the sea each year.”
“An estimated 40 per cent of what is caught in commercial fisheries is unintended catch (bycatch) and discarded from the fishing vessel.”
Sustainable fishing results in a tremendous recovery of fish stocks and their habitats. Furthermore, healthy fish stocks and a healthy ocean environment are crucial for the livelihoods of coastal communities.
user needs: (based on your research, what are your user or client needs?)
The goal is to raise awareness about the entire process of fishing. The fishing industry plays a very large role in our diets, so I think by making others aware of the issue, it can create more of a dialogue between the food industry and its consumers
alternatives: (other options for your design, include at least one other option)
For my design, I want to create an infographic around the fishing industry that not only raises awareness of the issue but suggests solutions such as supporting sustainable fishing within your diet. The audience would be the general public as fish takes part in most people’s diets. I plan on using facts that state the issues with overfishing/unsustainable fishing and raise the problems that it causes, and then I would have a separate poster in which it discusses the solutions around trying to reverse this issue.
inspiration and ultimate goal
for my final design, I am going to use the first sketch as my base and adjust it as needed. I really want to emphasize the impact that fishing has on us and I think its best to do that with having an illustration/graphic of a fish on a plate because that’s how we fit into this issue. I want to stick to a monotone color panel of blues and maybe incorporate some orange or complimentary colors.