source of the picture: https://www.everydayhealth.com/depression/guide/symptoms/
What is Depression?
Major Depressive Disorder (Also known as depression) is one of the most common mood disorders that can seriously affect how we think and feel toward our daily lives. According to World Health Organizations, there are more than 264 millions of people of all ages around the world who are diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder. Depression can cause long-lasting depressed moods, the loss of interest in all activities and things around the affected person, and inability to complete simple tasks in our daily lives. Additionally, severe depression can lead to suicide.
Here is the criteria for the diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder listed in the DSM-V manual:
1. Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day.
2. Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities most of the day, nearly every day.
3. Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain, or decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day.
4. A slowing down of thought and a reduction of physical movement (observable by others, not merely subjective feelings of restlessness or being slowed down).
5. Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day.
6. Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt nearly every day.
7. Diminished ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness, nearly every day.
8. Recurrent thoughts of death, recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, or a suicide attempt or a specific plan for committing suicide.
To receive a diagnosis of depression, these symptoms must cause the individual clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The symptoms must also not be a result of substance abuse or another medical condition.
Source of image: https://www.insider.com/what-is-depression
source of the picture: http://www.ngopulse.org/article/2018/08/23/depression
Types of Depression
Despite Major Depressive Disorder, there are five other types of depression, and each can be a severe mental health condition.
– Persistent depressive disorder: the depressive mood lasted for at least two years.
– Psychotic depression : depression along with some forms of psychosis. (delusions, hallucinations, etc)
– Seasonal depression: depression followed with a seasonal pattern.
– Postpartum depression: a type of depression that women may experience after giving birth.
– Bipolar disorder: even though it’s different from depression, people with bipolar disorder may experience depressive episodes that meet the criteria for depression.
What caused depression?
Is depression a genetic influence? Or is it caused by environmental factors? The answer is both. In fact, depression can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Some of the risk factors may include major life change, horrible trauma such as physical abuse, substance abuse, low self-esteem, age, loss of a loved one, serious illness, and family history of depression. Although depression often begins in adulthood, it is common to occur in children and adolescents. According to WebMD, children, siblings, and parents of people with severe depression are somewhat more likely to have depression than are members of the general population. This does not mean that depression has its own gene, since there are also many other factors that can cause depression, and genes only contribute tiny effects to the diagnosis of depression compared to the social factors.
Source of image: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/opinion-hari-depression-causes_n_5a6a144de4b0ddb658c46a21
How does a person live with depression?
To better understand what it’s like to a person who is diagnosed with major depressive disorder, watch the following TED Talks in which Diana Paige, a 19 years old student, is diagnosed with depression.
So the question is, is there anything we can do to better protect ourselves from being diagnosed with depression?
- Do exercise regularly
- Practice meditation
- Get enough sleep
- Avoid spending too much time on social media
- Talk to people & ask for help if you think you are overwhelmed with a depressed mood.
- Avoid use of drugs/ alcohol.
- Try to take deep breaths for a few times during your day
- Make plans for your day.
Questions to consider:
1. What might we do to help the people around us who are suffering from depression?
2. How can we bring up more awareness of major depressive order so that people can receive the right treatment as early as possible?
Here’s is the bibliography of this webpage.