STOP! Save Lives on Land

Humans depend on life on land, for food and resources. 80% of the human diet is provided from plants. Yet even after such importance, we are continuously threatening the existence of all life forms on land. Trees are getting chopped down every day, to fuel factories and the economy. Animals are being killed to produce luxurious items. This problem is impending. Therefore, the consequences are growing larger. Droughts and desertification are some of the problems, in which numerous countries face due to such treatment towards life.

Deforestation and many similar practices have caused a significant problem around the world. According to the UN, “ Today we are seeing unprecedented land degradation, and the loss of arable land at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. Drought and desertification are also on the rise each year, amounting to the loss of 12 million hectares and affects poor communities globally. Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction.” This shows the current impact these practices are causing. With 30% of all animals being extinct or having a chance of extinction, the human lifestyle would change. Not only does deforestation cause deaths towards animals and plants, but it also causes soil degradation, causing a loss of habitat. Also according to the UN, these impacts also have larger long term impacts like the impact it causes on poor communities, in which they lose land, to plant crops. This escalating problem, would only grow larger therefore, the UN has set goals that should be achieved before larger scale consequences are created.

Environmental impacts can impact animals, fish and humans:

Animals are continuously getting threatened

“To really change the world, we have to help people change the way they see things. Global betterment is a mental process, not one that requires huge sums of money or a high level of authority. Change has to be psychological. So if you want to see real change, stay persistent in educating humanity on how similar we all are than different. Don’t only strive to be the change you want to see in the world, but also help all those around you see the world through commonalities of the heart so that they would want to change with you. This is how humanity will evolve to become better. This is how you can change the world. The language of the heart is mankind’s main common language.” 

― Suzy Kazeem

It’s Time to Take Action!

Game Theory: This is the method that I will be using to take action in solving this significant problem which is destructing the habitats animals live in.

Steps to take:


Problem: Life on land is being threatened by deforestation and desertification. They are significant problems that are threatening biodiversity and life on land. It is caused by the escalating and prospering economy, which depends on many resources such as wood. It causes great threats to the environment.

Two Players: The economic sector: This sector is prospering from the harm that is created towards the environment. Trees produce wood, which is an essential material used in manufacturing companies.

  • The economic sector: This sector is prospering from the harm that is created towards the environment. Trees produce wood, which is an essential material used in manufacturing companies.
  • The environmental sector: This sector is getting negatively impacted by the growing economic sector. With the rise of the economy, comes many consequences towards life on land.

Economic Sector:

  • A= To continue purchasing the resources to continue their economic progression.
  • B= To place constraints in the purchasing of goods; to compensate the economic progression, to help the environment.
  • C= To find alternative resources: To find resources that would help economic progression, while helping the environment.

Environmental Sector:

  • To take no action in implementing any consequences regarding deforestation and desertification: This would be implemented if the government believes that the economic benefits are much more important than the environment.
  • To place constraints on the acts of deforestation and desertification: This would slow down the negative impacts on the environment.
  • To prohibit the act of deforestation and desertification: This would be used to halt all negative environmental impacts.




+2 for progression in the economy.

+2 for maintaining the economy

-2 for lack of materials and deterioration in the economy

-2 decline in the economy

+2 in maintaining environmental status

+2 progressing environmental status

-2 increase in deforestation

-2 long term impacts such as global warming and desertification

The Values represent the best outcomes


The best solution to deforestation is to prevent the falling of trees, by placing rules and laws to govern it. Deforestation may have been reduced however it would be too early to assume. Yet the money that is used in the economic sector is hard to forfeit, due to the advantages it creates. Therefore, finding resources that can substitute the demand for wood is essential. Hemp and bamboo can be used as alternatives for small scale architectural projects. Wood composites could be a perfect replacement for wood for other equipment. Even though the economy would worsen, but through time, the economic sector would find other alternatives and develop like the environmental sector.

According to, both Pareto’s optimality and Nash’s equilibria, the optimal strategy would be for the environment to abolish all methods of deforestation, while the economic sector should completely erase wood from its materials, as they should use alternative materials. This would result in a temporary decline in the economic sector, yet it would develop the environmental sector.

Its Time To Step Up And Take Action!

Help take action by participating in the poll:



“Goal 15: Life on Land.” UNDP,

Bradford, Alina. “Deforestation: Facts, Causes & Effects.” LiveScience, Purch, 3 Apr. 2018,

Hayes, Adam. “How Game Theory Works.” Investopedia, Investopedia, 14 Apr. 2019,

“Goal 15 .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform.” United Nations, United Nations,

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  1. May 04, 2019 by Krish M Sheth

    I think that your topic is very relevant. After going through Earth Day, and the uptick in concern for our world, I think this page is very important. You have covered the issue very well, and I would jsut like to say, great job!

  2. May 19, 2019 by Ami.Adachi

    Hi Francis! Using the Game Theory is a very interesting way to approach the issue of deforestation! Although, the theory seems very complex and is sort of hard to understand, I agree with your conclusion that, in the long run, the economy will benefit if the government puts more effort to stop the negative impact on the environment. I really liked how you proposed the solution that we can use bamboo, and other wood like material as an alternative, in order to reduce the number of trees being cut down, but I’m wondering what ways students like us can take action?

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