Patients with Diabetes, Asthma, HIV and many more deal with constant pressure to fight back against their disease. How does their Healthcare help alleviate the stress they go through?
Definition: efforts made to maintain or restore physical, mental, or emotional well-being especially by trained and licensed professionals
Healthcare has become increasingly an ongoing problem. While there have been advancements in the medical field, the ability to distribute medication effectively and provide appropriate care have been a huge problem in developing countries.
Further, some illnesses require ongoing healthcare and attention. Below are some of the ways physicians and companies are providing healthcare to patients with specific cases
Diabetes is a chronic illness that requires continuing medical care and patient self-management knowledge to prevent complications and to reduce the risk of permanent damage. Diabetes care is complex and requires that many issues, beyond “glycemic control”, be addressed. However, a large body of evidence exists that supports a range of interventions to improve diabetes outcomes.
Symptoms of diabetes include a casual plasma glucose ≥200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l). (Casual is defined as any time of day without regard to time since last meal.) The classic symptoms of diabetes include polyuria, polydipsia, and unexplained weight loss.
Current treatments are insulin injections and daily blood sugar testing and maintaining a diet and exercise routine. Sometimes doctors can recommend anti-diabetic medications.
Idea: Diabetic Patients have to constantly be given insulin injection. Maybe to alleviate the stress, people could develop a smart injector that can be used multiple times and can carry multiple doses and administer the insulin when it finds the correct vein. While insulin pens do exist, they are very wasteful. Each cost around $100 and carries only 3 ml of insulin. There are definitely ways to improve the quality of life diabetic patients have, and it starts from their treatment plan. What do you think?
“Diabetes.” Diabetes Overview, ADA, 2020, www.diabetes.org/diabtetes.
“Type 2 Diabetes.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 9 Jan. 2019, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351199.
HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. The immune system helps the body fight off infections. Untreated HIV infects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cells. Over time, as HIV kills more CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get various types of infections and cancers.
AIDS is a disease that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean they’ll develop AIDS. A person with HIV whose CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter will be diagnosed with AIDS.
Symptoms include, headaches and other aches and pains, swollen lymph nodes, recurrent fevers, night sweats, fatigue, nausea, weight loss, skin rashes and much more. In summary, people with HIV/AIDS are more prone to simple infections like the flu or cold.
The treatment for HIV is called anti-retroviral therapy (ART). The ART plan consists of taking a combination of 7 types of HIV medicines (called an HIV treatment regimen) daily. The main goal of ART is to minimize a person’s “viral load” to an undetectable level. An “undetectable viral load” means that the level of HIV in the blood is too low to be detected by a viral load test and thus essentially 0 risk to transmit through sex.
In the past coming years people were reluctant to ask for help regarding HIV/AIDS due to embarrassment or other reasons, but now the atmosphere around HIV is changing and people are starting to open up regarding this topic. And with this new movement, comes room to improve the healthcare for patients experiencing symptoms for HIV.
Idea: Because there are a variety of medications required to take, it could be useful to synthesis one pill that covers the needs of 7. Of course, that would take research and testing, but the increasing number of cases in the United States cause more demand for treatment products. There is more room for improvement in this department and with the coming years, more awareness will help drive technological innovation and it starts from people like you. What do you think?
“HIV Treatment: The Basics Understanding HIV/AIDS.” National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2 Mar. 2020, aidsinfo.nih.gov/understanding-hiv-aids/fact-sheets/21/51/hiv-treatment–the-basics.
“HIV Treatment.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 17 Oct. 2019, www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/livingwithhiv/treatment.html.
Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath.
Asthma signs and symptoms include shortness of breath, chest tightness or pain, trouble sleeping caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing and a whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling
The main treatment to asthma are long-term asthma control medications. Generally taken daily, these medications keep asthma under control on and makes it less likely you’ll have an asthma attack. Examples of Long-term asthma control medications are: Inhaled corticosteroids, Leukotriene modifiers and Long-acting beta agonists. However breathing techniques that keep in check the emotional state and natural remedies can have similar effects that
idea: While asthma medication and treatment plans have generally been very efficient and accessibile, something to help third world countries receive access to these medications is to find cost effective way to synthesize these drugs and raise awareness for these alternative forms of medication like breathing techniques and natural remedies. However, other methods may arrise that can potentially cure this condition. What do you think?
“Asthma.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 13 Sept. 2018, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/asthma/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369660.
“Asthma.” National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 18 Sept. 2018, www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/asthma.