My name is Aaryah Kapadia, I am from the American school of bombay, a little bit about me before I take you through my journey andthe solution I have found,
- I have stayed in Bombay my entire life.
- I’ve shifted four schools
- I have a passion for sports, mainly cricket.
- I LOVE to socialize
Hope you like this!
How poverty arrived in India…
Poverty in India increased under the British Raj from the late 19th century to the early 20th century, peaking in the 1920s. Throughout history, famines and diseases have destroyed millions of people. Famines were not allowed to kill millions of people after India gained independence in 1947. [requires citation] Since 1991, India’s rapid economic growth has resulted in a significant reduction in extreme poverty. Many who are not poor, on the other hand, have a precarious economic situation. According to the methods used in the Suresh Tendulkar Committee study, India’s population below the poverty line was 35.4 million (29.6% of the population) in 2009-2010 and 69 million (21.9%) in 2011–2012. According to the Rangarajan Committee, the number of people living in poverty in 2009–2010 was 454 million (38.2 percent of the population) and 363 million (29.5 percent of the population) in 2011–2012. According to Deutsche Bank Research, the middle class comprises approximately 300 million people. If current trends persist, India’s share of global GDP will rise sharply from 7.3 percent in 2016 to 8.5 percent in 2020. Around 170 million people, or 12.4% of India’s population, lived in poverty in 2012 (defined as $1.90 (Rs 123.5)), down from 29.8% in 2009. Sandhya Krishnan and Neeraj Hatekar, economists, conclude in their paper that the middle class comprises 600 million people, or more than half of India’s population. The Asian Development Bank reports that India’s population is 1.28 billion, with a 1.3 percent annual growth rate from 2010 to 2015. In the year 2014, 9.9% of the population aged 15 and up were working.
The problem! What you need to know.
Today is International Literacy Day, and approximately 900 million people worldwide are illiterate. According to UNESCO, India is home to 287 million people or 37 percent of the world’s illiterate population. While education is a fundamental right for all children, extreme poverty and inequality, population development, war zones, and natural disasters are robbing many children of their access to books and education. The literacy rate in India is about 74 percent, which means that a quarter of the population lacks basic reading and writing skills. Poverty and illiteracy are inextricably related, and India, with the world’s second-largest population, accounts for one-third of all global poverty. Though 22 percent of Indians live in poverty, it is estimated that more than half of the country’s population lacks basic literacy skills. While India’s poverty situation is improving, issues such as poor health and sanitation, a lack of education, unemployment, and malnutrition continue to exist. Poverty, like a tree, has many roots. However, the vast majority of those living in severe poverty lack even a basic education. Many who live in poverty are more likely to keep their children out of school, which means that their children may have a higher risk of living in poverty as well.
This leads to my point…Due to these reasons children who have the ability and passion for hard work/school or academics, do not get to pursue their dreams even though they deserve it. Their lack of financial support doesn’t allow the extraordinary people who have not been established to show their true potential. The government has also tried to help the needy and their deserving education plenty, nevertheless, the population does not match with the ratio of teachers. So we still have to work towards a solution about how to choose the limited unprivileged and the reason behind opting to choose them.
My proposed plan will serve to resolve the issue while also providing a return on investment commensurate with the resources pumped into the project. At the onset, it would be important to identify the right people to whom help must be provided. After chalking out a test that would measure various abilities across the board, we would administer the test to children from economically backward strata. Having identified the populace for the project, these children would then be provided the education that parallels the best private schools in the country. However, the academic curriculum would be only until middle school followed by high school providing specific niche skill-based practical training. For this professionals from various walks of life can be roped in to share their knowledge and expertise. This will also serve as a platform for the student to interact with people from a specific industry and open doors to internships at the end of the high school term. The initial investment could be procured by floating the idea among acquaintances, family, and friends. With a number of small investors, the project would be feasible. Given that each investor would be investing a sum that does not cause a hole in his pocket the long wait for a return would be overlooked. Further, as the cause is one that is social the investment would be perceived as a social responsibility thus mitigating any fears of losing the capital invested.
The participants in the program will have to commit to sharing a percentage of their remuneration when they are suitably placed in the chosen career. The gestation period for the proposed plan will have to be a decade, to begin with. However, post that period there can be a steady flow of income to sustain and reinvest in the venture.
This journey has been quite literally eye opening for me, I have understood, learned, and finally empathised the poor, as they deserve what we have too, these were my thoughts about this major issue, that keeps increasing. Now I request you to help me make it better and please tell me how I can improve or where I can change my project in the comments. This would mean a LOT! as it will help me and the future students who will take part in this social cause!
“Poverty in India | Wikiwand.” Wikiwand, 2012, www.wikiwand.com/en/Poverty_in_India#:~:text=From%20the%20late%2019th%20century,deaths%20from%20famines%20were%20prevented..
Hunter, Elaine. “Poverty Leaves India with Huge Literacy Problem Still to Solve.” Theirworld, Theirworld, 27 Aug. 2017, theirworld.org/news/poverty-leaves-india-with-huge-literacy-problem-to-solve#:~:text=India’s%20literacy%20rate%20is%20about,basic%20reading%20and%20writing%20skills.&text=India’s%20poverty%20situation%20is%20improving,%2C%20unemployment%20and%20malnutrition%2C%20remain..
Mumbai Live. “No Shelters Home in City, Claim by Homeless Collective | Mumbai Live.” YouTube, 27 Apr. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=nx34ZrnWRCM.
The Economist. “Can Extreme Poverty Ever Be Eradicated? | the Economist.” YouTube, 28 Nov. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEB4tvIRTXo.
Sadhguru. “Being Part of the Solution for Poverty – Vinita Bali with Sadhguru.” YouTube, 13 May 2015, www.youtube.com/watch?v=TTDWIPAg9AE.
TEDx Talks. “We Can End Poverty, but This Is Why We Haven’t | Teva Sienicki | TEDxMileHighWomen.” YouTube, 14 Dec. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=vvlozhvQPJw.